Analysis of Drugs in Plasma

Analysis of drugs in plasma has traditionally required sample preparation to remove plasma proteins before HPLC analysis to avoid precipitation of plasma proteins and subsequent column clogging.

Bioptic AV columns allow the inner hydrophobic surface of the silica to be shielded by a permanently bonded hydrophilic avidin layer.  Large molecules like plasma proteins are excluded from interacting with the hydrophobic inner surface by the avidin layer, and elute by size-exclusion mechanisms in the void volume.  Smaller compounds, such as drugs and drug metabolites, pass through the avidin layer and interact with the hydrophobic inner layer by a reverse-phase mechanism. Bioptic AV-1 contains non-denatured avidin and a chiral center, allowing separation of chiral drugs and their metabolites.  Bioptic AV-2 contains a denatured form of avidin and lacks the chiral separating ability of AV-1, but offers different selectivity.

GL Sciences has compiled a collection of chromatographic applications data on Bioptic AV-1 and AV-2 and their other phases which can assist you in method development.  These can be accessed under the "chromatograms" link on the main menu bar above, by searching for a particular compound using our "search" link above, or by clicking Bioptic columns are made with a 5 micron spherical silica, and the columns withstand pressures up to about 2250 PSI.  AV-1 has a limit of about 20% on the organic content of the eluent, which there is no such limitation on AV-2. Recommended pH range is 2 to 7.5, while pH ranges where hydrophobic interactions occur are between 2-3.5 and between 6 and 7.5.

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0004 5020-08500Guard Cartridge Holder for 10mm length cartridges, reusable  165
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